Natalia Fernández Ferrer
Today I am going to speak a little about Santiago Ramón y Cajal. He was well-known by scientists and naturalists around the world, thanks to his experiments and especially for his investigations neuroscience.
Ramón y Cajal was born on the 1st of May of 1852 and died on October 17th, 1934. As a child, he wanted to be a painter, but his father, teacher of Applied Anatomy, managed to persuade him to study medicine.
Finally, Santiago become a Spanish doctor specialised in histology and pathological anatomy. He graduated in the University of Zaragoza in 1873, and practised for two years as a doctor. He took part in the war of Cuba – where he contracted malaria and tuberculosis . He got his doctorate in Madrid in 1877.
His work was focused on studying the histology of the nervous system. He was the one who discovered the theory of the neuron, according to which the nervous cells are individual and never form a diffuse reticulum, as many histologists were defending. He also discovered the direction of the nervous impulse. Thanks to all these experiments and discoveries he won the Nobel Prize in 1906 shared with Camilo Golgi.